Why Do People Migrate? Part 1: Facts

Chapters 2 › Unit 2: SCROLL DOWN FOR INSTRUCTIONS View instructions Hide instructions


`Start by reading this article and discuss in your journal how current official definitions of "migrants", "refugees" and "asylum seekers" are challenged by the on-going migration crisis at the South-East borders of Europe.

You can also see Unit 2.1 for more information about irregular migration in Mediterranean region, Unit 2.2 about EU norms on asylum seeking, and Unit 2.3 on the case of Syrian refugees.

Don't forget to have a look to what others have done in their journals!

Definition of migrant, asylum seeker, and refugee.


Generally describing, a migrant is a person who wants to leave his or her country to make a better economic life, or to seek well-educated conditions for his or her family members, or to receive a good health care system. Meanwhile, a refugee is a person who has to flee to another country to save his or her life, to avoid being persecuted in his or her own country due to politics, religion, discrimination. However, the world has come up with calamity, wars, unexpected happenings. Alongside these, different definitions of migrant, asylum seeker, and refugee have been formed.

A person who is on the move towards another country is labeled a migrant or asylum seeker. Once he or she goes through a process of refugee status adjudication sucessfully, he or she is described as a refugee.
A migrant moves volunteerly to another country to seek a better economic life. However, in some cases, a migrant has to go unvolunteerly abroad because there is a natural disaster in his or her own homeland.
An asylum seeker is a forced migrant who is on the move to look for an asylum, but he or she has gone through the process of refugee status adjudication.
The termonology in the field of migration has to be reviewed as unpredictable happings are taking place all over the world leading to different distinction of migration.

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