Why Do People Migrate? Part 1: Facts

Chapters 2 › Unit 2: SCROLL DOWN FOR INSTRUCTIONS View instructions Hide instructions


`Start by reading this article and discuss in your journal how current official definitions of "migrants", "refugees" and "asylum seekers" are challenged by the on-going migration crisis at the South-East borders of Europe.

You can also see Unit 2.1 for more information about irregular migration in Mediterranean region, Unit 2.2 about EU norms on asylum seeking, and Unit 2.3 on the case of Syrian refugees.

Don't forget to have a look to what others have done in their journals!

Refugee versus Migrant


While there are a host of factors that compel people to migrate, it can be said that each of the cases is unique and thus, conceptually different. However basic patterns can be traced and based on that various conventions and reports have come up with novel ways of defining and categorizing migrants.

According to this article, a migrant is different from an internally displaced person (IDP) as the latter is someone who changes his location within the same country for various reasons. A migrant then is someone who crosses the international border and enters another country.

An irregular migrant is someone who has migrated to a country with incomplete documents, through unauthorized entry or by engaging in irregular work ( that is not permitted by his original documents ).
There is no illegality of the person or the work here.

However, illegality creeps in when the person is denied formal acceptance and becomes an asylum seeker. If he is accepted by the host country, then he becomes a refugee. If he is denied stay, then he is deported or repatriated at the earliest to the home country.

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