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Critical Thinking for Business

11 Mar 2018, 09:58 PM
Chapters 2 › Unit 2: Argument analysis 3 View instructions Hide instructions

Argument analysis 3

In this practice sheet, we will analyze the last of three simple arguments.

“It’s always better to promote from within. Michael is our best sales representative, so he should be Head of Sales when George retires.”

Please analyze this argument in your journal, following the steps below. This time I didn't added my analysis.

Steps of analyzing an argument:

1. Put the argument in standard form.

a. Identify the conclusion.
b. Identify all premises.
c. Identify and write hidden premises.
d. Simplify wording.
e. Draw the graph.

2. Check if the conclusion follows logically from the premises.

3. Check if the premises are true.

2.5-3 Argument analysis 3

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“It’s always better to promote from within. Michael is our best sales representative, so he should be Head of Sales when George retires.”

1.a. "We should promote Michael as Head of Sales when George retires"
1.b.Premises: “It’s always better to promote from within." and "Michael is our best sales representative."
1.c. Hiden premises: "The best sales representative is the most suitable to replace the Head of Sales."
1.d.
P1. “It’s always better to promote from within."
P2."The best sales representative is the most suitable to replace the
Head of Sales."
P3. "Michael is our best sales representative."
C. We should promote Michael as Head of Sales when George retires"

  1. The hidden premise is written so that the conclusion would follow logically the premises.

  2. P1. “It’s always better to promote from within."
    It is a sentence much stipulated in the literature that internal promotion tend to be better fits into the organisations and it might be correct for some situations but it is doubtable that it applies to all cases, for various reasons.
    The most common reason to support internal promotions is that people are already selected, part of the culture and therefor easier to be integrated, but on the other hand they might be biased and more reluctant to changing/challenging the status quo.
    Another very much discussed topic is that experts or technical leads are not necessarily good people managers, they might just lack management skills or vision.
    There are also many others. Don't get me started.
    P2. "The best sales representative is the most suitable to replace the `Head of Sales."
    I already stated above the main reason I find this stamen to be faulty: there is more to leadership (even management) than just technical skills and/or knowledge.
    P3. "Michael is our best sales representative."
    Granted we have a good evaluation process to back this statement, we might consider it to be true.

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