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Why Do People Migrate? Part 1: Facts

Chapters 2 › Unit 2: SCROLL DOWN FOR INSTRUCTIONS View instructions Hide instructions

SCROLL DOWN FOR INSTRUCTIONS

`Start by reading this article and discuss in your journal how current official definitions of "migrants", "refugees" and "asylum seekers" are challenged by the on-going migration crisis at the South-East borders of Europe.

You can also see Unit 2.1 for more information about irregular migration in Mediterranean region, Unit 2.2 about EU norms on asylum seeking, and Unit 2.3 on the case of Syrian refugees.

Don't forget to have a look to what others have done in their journals!

Migration terminology

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In my opinion and according to the Dublin III procedure (for instance - the 'Reception conditions') - the terminology plays a crucial role in case of determining the responsibilities of the hosting state towards the asylum seekers. In the frontier countries, such as Hungary - the illegal entry has been criminalized, which unabled the access to asylum seeking and enabled the use of force from the hosting site. The transit states, such as Austria (on the way to Germany, which is a primary destination country for asylum seekers in the EU (alongside with Sweden) - the formation of the refugee camps and dealing with the applications was rather a difficult task, once the internal EU borders were crossed twice and trice (according to the legal framework - the applicants must state within the frontier country; the first state which is entered). What takes additional measurements from the side of Italy and Greece - from one side this countries launched the biggest rescue operations on water; from the other side - the fenses raised along its borders reshaped the migration route and doubled the pressure on the neighboring states of the EU. The reasons of migration might vary in every individual case, however - when the migration is so massive - it is hard to verify such a huge number of applications without the establishment of so-called Hot Spots - a special receptions, designed to host and identify the status of newcomers.

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